The People Embrace The Ten Commandments
Before the Law was ever given, God gives Moses an instruction on the mountain. The sons of Israel — previously named Jacob — were at the bottom of the mountain. On the mountain above, Yahweh speaks to Moses, and makes an offer of a covenant. God wants a promise in return for the offer. We read in Exodus 19:3-6 (NOG):
3 Then Moses went up the mountain to Elohim, and Yahweh called to him from the mountain, “This is what you must say to the descendants of Jacob. Tell the Israelites, 4 ‘You have seen for yourselves what I did to Egypt and how I carried you on eagles’ wings and brought you to my mountain. 5 If you carefully obey me and are faithful to the terms of my promise [or “terms of my covenant”] then out of all the nations you will be my own special possession, even though the whole world is mine. 6 You will be my kingdom of priests and my holy nation.’ These are the words you must speak to the Israelites.”
What are the terms?
1. Obedience by the people to the terms of God’s covenant.
2. God will make these people his personal kingdom of priests — obviously serving him which is what priests do, and Yahweh’s own holy nation.
The king in this covenant was God. God refers to the people as “my kingdom” and “my nation.” The benefit was the defense and protection and care of Yahweh, Almighty.
Next, Moses delivered this message, and the people accepted:
7 So Moses went down and called for the leaders of the people. He repeated to them all the words that Yahweh had commanded him. 8 All the people answered together, “We will do everything Yahweh has said.” So Moses brought their answer back to Yahweh. (Exodus 19:3-6, NOG).
Next, Yahweh God is told of the people’s agreement, and God then sets up a meeting with the people to hear His voice, but they must take two days to make themselves holy:
9. Yahweh said to Moses, “I am coming to you in a storm cloud so that the people will hear me speaking with you and will always believe you.” Moses told Yahweh what the people had said.
10 So Yahweh said to Moses, “Go to the people, and tell them they have two days to get ready. They must set themselves apart as holy. Have them wash their clothes 11 and be ready by the day after tomorrow. On that day Yahweh will come down on Mount Sinai as all the people watch. (Exodus 19:9,10-11, NOG.)
The spectacle leading up to this was seemingly too much for the people.
16 On the morning of the second day, there was thunder and lightning with a heavy cloud over the mountain, and a very loud blast from a ram’s horn was heard. All the people in the camp shook with fear. (Exodus 19:16, NOG.)
Now what we will next lay out is known as the Ten Commandments. Before you read it, please realize that the reaction was fright at the scene, as if they could not listen attentively. So imagine the earth is quaking, and there is smoke and thunder, and you hear these commands—evidently done in this way so the people would react with obedience:
1. Then Elohim spoke all these words:
2 “I am Yahweh your Elohim, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
3: Thou shalt have no other gods before Me (Ed: Commandment 2).
4: Thou shalt not make unto thee a graven image, nor any manner of likeness, of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.
5: thou shalt not bow down unto them, nor serve them; because I, Yahweh your Elohim, am a jealous G-d, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate Me. 6 But I show mercy to thousands of generations of those who love me and keep my commandments.
7 “Never use the name of Yahweh your Elohim carelessly. Yahweh will make sure that anyone who carelessly uses his name will be punished.
8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. (Ed: Commandment 4)
9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work
10 but the seventh day is a sabbath unto Yahweh, your Elohim. In it thou shalt not do any manner of work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy man-servant, nor thy maid-servant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates;
11 In six days Yahweh made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested on the seventh day; wherefore Yahweh blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.
12 “Honor your father and your mother, so that you may live for a long time in the land Yahweh your Elohim is giving you.
[From this point forward, I use the Name of God Bible because it is more comprehensible.]
13 “Never murder.
14 “Never commit adultery.
15 “Never steal.
16 “Never lie when you testify about your neighbor.
17 “Never desire to take your neighbor’s household away from him.
“Never desire to take your neighbor’s wife, his male or female slave, his ox, his donkey, or anything else that belongs to him.”
Notice importantly verse 6—the condition of mercy is what?
6 But I show mercy to thousands of generations of those who love me and obey my commandments.
We shall see nothing changes about the mercy granted in the New Covenant that Jesus declared. Jesus in John 15 declared:
10 If you keep my commandments, you will abide in my love, just as I have kept my Father's commandments and abide in his love.
14 You are my friends if you do what I command you.
Apostle John in 1 John 2 speaks similarly:
3 And by this we know that we have come to know him, if we keep his commandments. 4 Whoever says “I know him” but does not keep his commandments is a liar, and the truth is not in him, 5 but whoever keeps his word, in him truly the love of God is perfected. By this we may know that we are in him: 6 whoever says he abides in him ought to walk in the same way in which he walked.
This was like a covenant of marriage, Isaiah later explains.
Your husband is your maker.
His name is Yahweh of Armies (Tsebaoth).
Your Redeemer is the Holy One of Israel (Qedosh Yisrael).
He is called the Elohim of the whole earth.
6 “Yahweh has called you as if you were
a wife who was abandoned and in grief,
a wife who married young and was rejected,” says your Elohim. (Isaiah 54:5-6, Name of God Bible, modified to match KJV in part.)